Current Affairs – Dated: 25th Jan 2017

Q. 1. Who Is tha neur Prime Minister of Romania? Ans: Romania’s President has named social-democrat Sorin Grindeanu as the nation’s new Prime Minister recently, bringing to a close weeks of uncertainty since the Left won a parliamentary vote on 11 December, 2016. Q. 2. In which country 39 people were killed during a nightclub massacre when 2017 was Just 75 minutes old In that country?

Ans: Turkey. Two Indians were among the dead at the Relna club in Istanbul.

Q. 3. Name the Google CEO who visited IIT, Kharagpur, his alma mater, after a long gap of 23 years recently.

Ans: Sundar Pichai. This was his first visit to the IIT campus after he completed his B. Tech in 1993. Taking a trip down memory lane, he went to room number B-308 at the Nehru Hall of Residence which was his room once upon a time.

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Q. 4. Where was the 14* Pravasl Bharatiya Divas convention held from 7-9 January 2017? .

Ans: It was held at Bengaluru in Karnataka.

Q. 5. Who was the Chief Guest at the 14th Pravasl Bharatiya Divas convention held In Bengaluru from 7-9 January 2017?

Ans: Dr. Antonio Costa was the Chief Guest at the 14th Pravasl Brtaratlya Divas convention held in Bengaluru from 7-9 January 2017.

Q. 6. What the ruling of the Supreme Court In regard to seeking votes on the basis of religion, caste etc? Ans: In a majority verdict, the Supreme Court on 2 January ruled that seeking votes on the basis of religion, race, caste, community, or language of a candidate or his rival or even that of the voter amounts to “corrupt practice” under election law provisions.

A seven-member Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice T S Thakur, who demitted office on 4 January, by a 4:3 majority judgment, said election was a secular exercise and the functioning of an elected representative too had to be secular.

Pointing out that religion had no place In the electoral process, essentially a secular activity the apex court said the government must be alive to the constitutional ethos and Its obligations to uphold them. Referring to the term his religion’ used in Section 123(3) of the Representation of The People’s (RP) Act, which deals with ‘corrupt practice’, Chief Justice Thakur and three others said It meant the religion and caste of^ all Including voters, candidates and their agents, etc.

Q. 7. How many states will go to Assembly polls between 4 February and 8 March 2017 as announced by the Election Commission of India recently? Elaborate.

Ans: Five. They are Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Goa, Uttarakhand and Manipur. The polling in the sprawling state of UP, which has a 403-member Assembly, will be held in 7 phases between 11 February and 8 March. It will be a one-day exercise in Punjab (4 February), Goa (4 February) and Uttarakhand (15 February). Manipur will have a two-phase polling on 4 and 8 March, The counting of votes in all five states will be done on 11 March, 2017. Over 18 crore voters will exercise their democratic rights for a total of 690 constituencies in five states, for which the Commission has set up 1.85 lakh polling stations, which are 15 per cent more than those set up in 2012 polls. s

With the announcement of the election schedule in the five states on 4 January by the Chief Election Commissioner Dr. Nasim Zaidi, the EC’s Model Code of Conduct (MCC) came into force with immediate effect. The Election Commission has asked news broadcasters to report opinion polls in an accurate, fair and transparent manner, clearly stating methodology, sample size, margin of errors and fieldwork data.

Q. 8. Mr. M K Stalin Is the new working president of which political party In southern India?

Ans: Dravlda Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). Heralding a generational change in party leadership, DMK supremo Muthuvel Karunanidhi’s younger son and party treasurer M K Stalin was recently appointed the party’s working president that vested him with all powers. He still continues to hold the post of treasurer. Thus, the coronation of apparent heir of Karunanidhi, now 93, Is over in DMK in Tamil Nadu.

Q. 9. What was the response of the RBI In regard to a RTi query regarding demonetization recently?

Ans: Whether views of the chief economic adviser and the finance minister were taken before the sudden announcement of demonetization of high value currency notes by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 8 November? The Resen/e Bank of India felt this query cannot be answered under the Right to Information Act as It does not come under the definition of information under the transparency law.

“Query Is in the nature of seeking opinion from CPIO which is not defined as information as per Section 2(f) of the RTI Act,” the RBI said in response to an RTI query. Asked whether the information sought will fall under “seeking opinion” from the CPIO, former Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) A N Tiwari said, “No. It does not. If Is a fact sought by an RTI applicant, the CPIO cannot say an opinion has been sought from him.”

Q.10. Which Sikh Guru’s 350* birthday celebration was observed In the first week of January 2017?

Ans: Guru Govind Singh, the tenth and last Sikh guru, who founded the Khalsa (pure) sect and didn’t deter to sacrifice his own children for its protection.

Q.11. Where was the Prakash Parv organised to commemorate the 350th birth anniversary of the 10th Sikh guru Guru Gobind Singh recently?

Ans: Patna where the last Sikh guru was born. More than four lakh Sikh devotees from across the country and abroad reached Patna and participated in the event.

Q. 12. Where was the 34th Kalchakra Puja, the most prominent Buddhist ceremony, organised from January 2 – 14, 2017?

Ans: The 12-day long ritual was organised at Bodh Gaya in Bihar, where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment more than 2,000 years ago. More than one lakh devotees from across the globe attended the Kalchakra Puja which was conducted by the Tibetan spiritual leader – the Dalai Lama.

Q. 13. Name an acclaimed versatile actor who died In Mumbai at the age of 66 on January 6, 2017. Also elaborate.

Ans: Om Puri, who broke the stereotype of conventional ‘good looking’ Bollywood hero to star in some of Indian cinema’s most memorable films such as Ardh Satya:(for which he won National Award), Aakrosh and City of Joy, died in Mumbai on January 6, 2017 after he suffered a massive heart attack.

The actor was a product of Rim and Television Institute of India and National School of Drama where he first met his friend Naseeruddln Shah decades ago.

Hailing from Ambala in Haryana and bom on 18 October 1950, Puri, a critically acclaimed actor known for his ability to seamlessly transform Into genre-bending roles, made his film debut with the Marathi film Ghashiram Kotwal, adaptation of Vijay Tendulkar’s eponymus play in 1976 and went on to act in several Indian, Pakistani, British and Hollywood mainstream commercial films. He was awarded the Padma Shrl, the country’s fourth highest civilian award, in 1990.

Besides Ardh Satya in which Puri played a police officer full of angst, he also won accolades for his diverse roles in Jaane Bhi Do Yaaron, Mlrch Masala, Aakrosh, Paar and Maachls. Of his latest Hindi movie was Bajrangi Bhaijaan with Salman Khan.

Om Puri also worked in several Hollywood productions.

For him the notable among these was City of Joy as he narrated during Its filming in then Calcutta he met his wife Nandita who was an author/journalist writing for Hindustan Times and The Statesman. They met in 1991 and got married In 1993. The turbulent marriage ended in divorce in 2013.

Once he described Amitabh Bachchan as an “Institution.” The biography titled “Unlikely Hero” is a tell all book in which he admitted he slept with working class women since “I myself was a rag picker used to picking up coal In railway ward.”

Q.14. Why did the Supreme Court sack the BCCI president Anurag Thakur and Its secretary Ajay Shlrke on January 2, 2017?

Ans: The Supreme Court on January 2, 2017 sacked the BCCI president Anurag Thakur and its secretary Ajay Shirke for showing defiance in not complying with Its Orders to implement the R M Lodha Committee reforms even as it issued notices asking them why perjury and contempt proceedings should not be initiated against them.

The apex court ordered the action on the BCCI top brass for not candidly telling It that they had asked for a letter from the ICC that the appointment of a CAG nominee on the BCCI amounted to government interference In its affairs.

Legendary spinner Bishan Singh Bedi has hailed the Supreme Court order.

Q.15. Which tennis star has announced his retirement from competitive tennis recently?

Ans: Somdev Dewarman. Counter-puncher Somdev, at the age of 31, announced his retirement from tennis on 1 January 2017, having represented India in the Davis Cup in 14 ties with 4 wins and 10 defeats in singles. After turning pro in 2008, he reached a’career-high rank of 62 In July, 2011. He ended runner-up in ATP 250 events in 2009 Chennai Open as a wildcard and the 2011 South Africa Open in Johannesburg and those were his best results in his career apart from many wins on the Challenger circuit. He also won the Singles and the Doubles gold medals at the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China.

He. was conferred the Arjuna Award – the country’s . second highest sporting honour – in 2011.

Q.16. When did Mahendra Singh Dhoni quit as -limited overs captain of the Indian cricket team?

Ans: On January 4, 2017, M S Dhoni – the country’s most successful captain – informed the BCCI he wishes to step down as captain of the team from ODIs and T20 internationals. His stunning announcement recalled his abrupt departure as Test skipper.

Dhoni led India in 199 ODIs, winning 110 at 59.57 winning percentage. In T20Is, he led India in 72 matches, winning 41 at 59.28 winning percentage.

Dhoni led India to the top in all 3 formats – No. 1 Test ranking for 18 months from December 2009, ODI World Cup 2011, T20 World Cup in 2007. He was only cricket captain to have won ODI and T20 World Cups, plus Champions Trophy (2013). His high point was when he was adjudged Man of the Match in 2011 World Cup final, which he finished with a helicopter-shot six.

Q. 17. Against which country would Virat Kohli debut as India’s limited-over captain on being officially anointed captain In all three formats on January 6, 2017?

Ans: England. Virat Kohll – the only Indian captain to register five successive Test series wins and nine Test wins in a year – has praised his predecessor, M S Dhoni in glowing terms on 6 January for being an inspirational leader.

Kohli took to Twitter to express his feelings about the captain under whom he had always played in the limited-over format since making his One-Day Internationals debut in Sri Lanka back in 2008.

Thanks for always being the leader a youngster wants to have around him. You’ll always be my captain ©msdhoni Bhal,” Kohli tweeted.

Q. 18. Which national team has ended the year 2016 as the World No.1 Test side with 120 ranking points of the International Cricket Council (ICC) recently?

Ans: India. Team India ended the year 2016 as the No.1 Test side with 120 ranking points of the International Cricket Council (ICC), 15 points clear of second-placed Australia (105 points) recently.

Q. 19. Which two Indian spinners held on to the top two positions In the International Cricket Council Test Bowlers rankings for the year ended on 31 December 2016?

Ans: Ravichandran Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja. This is just the second time the top two spots in the bowlers’ chart is occupied by India players with the pair emulating left-arm spinner Bishen Singh Bedi and leg spinner Bhagwath Chandrasekhar, who were ranked one and two in 1974.

Q. 20. Present the full Test Rankings as released by the ICC In Dubai on 31 December, 2016.

Ans: The following is the ICC Test Rankings:

Batsmen: 1. Steve Smith (Australia); 2. Virat Kohli (India); 3. Joe Root (England); 4. Kane Williamson (New Zealand); 5. David Warner (Australia); 6. Azhar Ali (Pakistan); 7,Hashim Amla (South Africa); 8. AB De Villiers (South Africa); 9. Quinton de Kock (South Africa); 10. Chhatteswar Pujara (India).

Bowlers: 1 .Ravichandran Ashwin (India); 2. Ravindra Jadeja (India); 3. Rangana Herath (Sri Lanka); 4. Dale Steyn (South Africa); 5. Josh Hazlewood (Australia); 6. James Anderson (England); 7. Stuart Broad (England); 8. Mitchell Stare (Australia); 9. Vemon Philander (South Africa); 10. N. Wagner (New Zealand).

All-rounders: 1 .Ravichandran Ashwin (India); 2. Shakib Al Hasan (Bangladesh); 3. Ravindra Jadeja (India); 4. Ben Stokes (England); 5. Moeen Ali (England).